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Finding Alternatives to Chemical Insecticides
The Advantages and Disadvantages
The Costs
Mechanism of Action
The Costs

The costs of mating disruption are quite high because there is a different pheromone needed for each type of insect. This adds to the total overall cost of pest management, especially if a farm has perennial problems with more than one type of serious pest.

The costs of manufacturing pheromones is expected to decrease when the technology becomes more efficient.